The laws on intellectual property protection in Russia are comprised in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation that was enabled in 2008, after a series of modifications throughout the years. It includes the Copyright Law that was separated until that moment. Russia has laws governing:
- copyright protection,
- trademark and service mark protection,
- company’s intellectual assets protection,
- computer programs and database protection,
- protection of topologies of integrated circuits.
Copyright Law in Russia
Copyright protection in Russia is given for a period of 70 years to nationals that have created literature, works of art or scientific work. In Russia, both public and unreleased work is granted copyright protection and it includes oral creations, interviews and speeches among the usual creative art.
Laws, folklore, administrative texts and any official document are not subject to copyright in Russia. The Copyright Law in Russia has been renewed according to the Berne Convention.
Russian copyright law offers moral and economic rights to its owner. The moral rights or the paternity rights provide the owner the following:
- recognition as author,
- the right to choose whether the work will be or won’t be disclosed to the public,
- the right to withdraw work from public view,
- the right to integrity that protects the author’s dignity.
The economic or patrimonial rights provide the author with the right of allowing third parties to reproduce his work and the right to distribute, make public or broadcast the creation. There is no general right that allows an author to receive money for his or her creation unless the work is audiovisual. There is only a resale right of 5% of the resale price that includes works like paintings and sculptures.
If you need more information about the Copyright Law in Russia, you may contact a Russian lawyer.
Patent law in Russia
The legal frame for patent protection in Russia is governed by the Patent Law of the Russian Federation that protects the use of utility models and industrial property. Russia is a signatory member of the Patent Cooperation Treaty which enables foreign companies to adhere to patent protection in Russia.
Trademark law in Russia
Russia is a signatory member of the Madrid Agreement on International Registration of Trade Marks and it offers legal protection on trademarks and service marks for companies using them as long as they have been registered with Rospatent which is the registration office for intellectual property in Russia.
A foreign citizen who wants to protect his trademark in Russia may contact a law firm in Russia that will handle the entire procedure.
Protection of a company's intellectual assets in Russia
Protection of computer programs and databases and topologies of integrated circuits are also protected by law in Russia, even if they are part of a special intellectual protection category: the protection of company's intellectual assets.
Companies are protected in Russia mainly by incorporation and through the Trademark Law. But a company also benefits from software, database, industrial design and utility model protection.
A Russian company may choose to protect its know-how technology, its pattern of integrated circuits, if considered necessary, its domain name and its website content as well.
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