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Immigration Law in Russia

Immigration Law in Russia

Updated on Friday 08th July 2016

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Immigration-Law-in-RussiaA recent report issued by the World Bank places Russia second after the United States when it comes to immigration. Russia has received between 2012 and 2015 more than 12 million foreign citizens who have moved here due to economic reasons, despite the difficult laws on immigration. The main laws governing immigration in Russia are:

  • -          the Constitution;
  • -          the Federal Law on Citizenship, last amended in 2004;
  • -          the Federal Law on Refugees;
  • -          the Federal Law on the Legal Position of Foreign Citizens in Russia;
  • -          the Law of Forced Migrants.

Our Russian lawyers can offer information on all the laws mentioned above.

How can one immigrate to Russia?

Foreign citizens moving to Russia can do so by finding a job with a local company or by opening a company here. There are also special situations in which a foreign citizen can apply for asylum in Russia. However, in most cases labor migration is the main reason foreigners come to Russia. In this situation, the Russian company employing the foreign worker will handle the process for the foreigner to receive their employment pass.

There are several types of visas the Russian Federation can issue:

  • -          student visas;
  • -          visas for teachers;
  • -          visas for diplomats and representatives of international organizations;
  • -          temporary visas, which also apply in the case of employees;
  • -          permanent residence permits.

According to the Russian Immigration Law, in order to gain permanent residency, one must first apply for a temporary residence permit. The last type of visa will be issued after the foreign citizen has lived in Russia for two years.

Obtaining citizenship in Russia

Foreign citizens living for five uninterrupted years in Russia are allowed to apply for citizenship, according to the Immigration Law. Russian citizenship can be acquired in one of the following ways:

  • -          by birth;
  • -          by marrying a Russian citizen;
  • -          by naturalization;
  • -          by registration.

Also, in 2015, the Russian Federation simplified the regulations under which foreign qualified individuals and investors can obtain citizenship.

Our lawyers in Russia can offer information about the new legislation on immigration and the conditions one must fulfill. You can also contact us if you want to open a company in Russia.



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