Employment in Russia is regulated at federal and regional level, but the main legal framework is the Labor Code enabled in 2001. However, certain aspects of employment relations are provided by the Russian Civil Law. The most important civil law regulations refer to trade unions and the employment of foreign citizens in Russia. With respect to foreign companies and workers, other international treaties will also apply. The most significant law on the employment of foreign citizens in Russia is the Federal Law on Legal Status of Foreign Citizens which also covers the employment of foreign chief executive officers in companies.
Russian companies may recruit personnel through newspaper ads or employment agencies and, once the employment process concluded, the company must maintain a work record book for each employee. These books will reflect the Russian employee’s whole employment history and, upon request, the company must provide copies of the documents to the employee.
In order to enter into an employment agreement with a Russian company, the future employee is also required to provide certain documents among which:
Other documents might be requested by the Russian employer. Also, if an individual is at his or her first job, the employer will issue the work record and the retirement insurance certificate. All documents must be drafted in Russian.
All work relations are based on an employment contract in Russia. Russian companies must also know that employment contracts must contain certain information, but can also be amended at later stages. Also, all Russian employment agreements must be written. The contract will be drafted in two copies - one for the employer and another for the employee. Employment agreements must contain the following information:
The contract may also contain other provisions as established by the Russian company and the employee and must be signed by both parties.
For additional information about employment contracts, please contact our Russian law firm.
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