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Child Custody in Russia

Child Custody in Russia

Updated on Monday 18th April 2016

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Russian courts have the authority to handle child custody and other issues related to parental duties and rights. This is applicable to foreign nationals as well, if certain conditions are being met (the defendant parent has a residency permit in Russia etc).
Parents of an underage child can come to an agreement concerning the child support or they can also solve the issue in courts. When dealing with child custody matters, parental responsibility and other aspects, it is recommended to seek counsel from specialists. Our lawyers in Russia can assist you in any of these matters and make sure that your interest are being looked after. 

Child custody rules in Russia

In case of a dispute between the parents as to whom should the child live with, they can resolve it by court. The non-custodial parent has the right to get involved in the upbringing of the child and to communicate with him/her. In order to come to the best decision with regard to the welfare of the child, a court should consider:
  • - the child's age;
  • - the parents' capacity to take care of the child from a financial point of view;
  • - ethical qualities of the parents;
  • - the relationship they have with the child;
  • - the closeness between the child and his/her parents, siblings and other relatives.
Our law firm in Russia can assist you in matters of child custody and visitations rights or any other issues you may face.

Joint custody and other related matters in Russia

Equal parental responsibility in Russian Family Law is possible in some cases, but it is not very common and usually it is the mother who is granted with the child custody. In case of a shared-custody, both parents have the same responsibilities for the child's well-being. This type of custody is refused by the court only when there is evidence that the child might be exposed to domestic violence and abuse. You can ask our Russian lawyers for counsel in issues of shared-custody and rules concerning foreign residency of parents.
Factors such as country of origin or nationality do not affect parents' rights, however, should they live in different states, the way they will keep contact with the child will be affected. Normally, at the beginning, a parent is appointed with the child's care (which means residing together as well), while concomitantly allocating some time for the other parent as well.
Since 2011, the Russian Family Law has established eight special courts that will argue international child custody cases in which one of the parents leaves the country with the child without having the permission of the other party involved to do so. 
If you need further information and/or guidance in any family law cases, our attorneys in Russia can come up with customised solutions for the problems you are encountering, so do not hesitate to contact us.


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